뤫λҤɤ졣ȿ

ֻҤɤפȤϡޤȤʸˤʤȤ̣ǤҤɤˣߥꥷ٥ȤʤäΤǤæȯ꤫Υץ饤١Ȥʻ񤭤ޤҤɤ졪æȯޥߡνȤϡϸȯΤ˹̱򵽤ƤޤϼͳȯʬΥǡȤ⤯ʸȯϧˤ褦ޥߤФäݤߤˤʤǸʿʾ褦ꥫΥݥΥټŴȤ򲼤̱Ω᤽˹Ԥ

ܤWHOIAEAICRPϡΥ֥ǤΥﳲɥ ȸäƤޤ
錄ãECRRϡΥ֥Ǥηﳲɶ ٤ȸäƤޤ
ʤϡɤ򿮤ޤ

򹯱ƶ

WHOIAEAICRP֡Υ֥ǤΥﳲϡɥ ȸäƤޤ Ĩꤺˡʡ縶ȯΤη򹯱ƶ餷


ĴޤǤʤϷޤäƤޤ
Υ֥Ǥηﳲ̵ȤˤʤäƤޤ顢ʡǤηﳲ̵Ȥˤʤޤ
þϽƤǤþ˴ؤƤϡ³Ū˴ѻۤɤȤʤ롣ͽۤޤ

˷ﳲʤȤǥޤ򻵤餷
괱šΡ֥Υ֥ΤȤӡפμפʻȸϡWHOǤ

Υ֥ΤȤ - ̺Ҥؤб -괱šۡڡ
20121125_kantei

Ǹ
http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs303/en/index.html
äƤߤȡʥ󡢤꤬Ȥ󤭤âv(*-*)ˡ˰
XCTȤӤ񤤤Ƥ롣ʤΤˡ
ȥ쥹ʤäơȥ쥹ﳲθȼƤ뤷
ʥȥ쥹ߤǡ˲٤η򹯤ؤηǰ̵Ťʹư륳䥿Х (ҡ)


͡٤ʤǡʡҡ˥
³ɤ

#save_children Фη򹯱ƶθڡᥫ˥ȥǥ Τޤ ֳĴǤϴϤʤȼĥƤȤ

Ҥɤ


ECRRʲꥹѰ2010ǯ
裹 Фη򹯱ƶθڡᥫ˥ȥǥ
򻲾ȤʤεҤǤ


ICRP εϡ٥Ф̵ǤȤοǰȤʤäƤ뵡Ūůؤ˴ŤƤ롣餯ΤˡʬǤϸ椬ԽʬǤꡢη̡ФäФ˴ؤθ˳֤ˤ롣
ϤФäФפǧƤޤ

DNA ʤɤνפʬҡcritical moleculesˤľŪΥž̡rearrangementˤ˲destructionˡ뤤Ѽalterationˤ⤿餹
ϤˤäDNA»ޤ

LET ˤϡX ƥ١γҤޤޤ롣LET ˤϥեγҤޤޤ졢®Ǥꡢ⤤ΥѤ⤿餹ʤ顢ϤҤȤĤζǤ롣ʤʤ顢ŻҤ⤿餹Υ̩٤϶ѰǤϤʤפνüǤ®㲼ΤˤˤΥ̩٤ä뤫Ǥ롣
ϡǧƤޤǤ
ñȡ
Υû硣ʥץȥ˥ˡʥȥࡦࡦ襦ǡˡʥࡦ襦ǡˤνǷﳲ礭ʤ뤳ȤΤäƤޤ
ɤǤ⡢ߤľDNAʤɤ˲ǽ⤯ʤΤΤޤǤ

Ф̤äˤäơ¿κ˦ǹƤΤؤαƶϡ¬ǽʱƶʤ֤顢Ѱۤθ̤̤ơǽϤӼloss of viabilityˡǸŪˤϻ˴˻ޤǤιϰϤ˵ڤ֡
ϤˤDNA»ϡѥ⤢ǧƤޤ
­ȡ
ΤʽȼDNA »˦ʣ롣ץѥΤߤĴǥޤ¿
ַ򹯤˱ƶΤѰۤȼDNA »경줿Ѱۤäƺ˦ʣ롣ץѥΤȤˡ֥󤢤뤤¡Ū뤤˦ξˤϰŪפ롣
ʤγΨΤDNAνǤȹͤޤʤǤγΨDNAν˼Ԥȹͤޤ

̤ȤαȤδطϹ椵ƤƤ롣ICRP ΥꥹǥǤϡΰˤơθ̤ν̱طͤΤʤꤷƤLNT ȤΤƤ롣ΰ̣ȤϤޤˡФ̤ȤΤϤʤǤ㤤̤Ǥ򹯾»򵯤ͭ¤ʳΨäƤȤȤǤ롣ˡФ̤ܤˤʤȤθ̤⣲ܤˤʤ롣βˤϴŪĤͳ롣
󡼡錄ϡͤΤʤꤷLNTǥˤäƷﳲ뤳Ȥ濴մƤޤ
á
ECRRǤϡ̤ˤ礭ʷﳲȤε򤷤Ƥޤ錄δȤƤϡΩٻΤǤʳŪʾڵ˳ȤȽǤ餢ޤĥƤޤ

ĤʬĤδ֤䡢ĿͤκۤʤɡˤϽĴ֤ΰ㤤롣˴ؤơ ͼ  ġʸ̩ʰ̣ǤΡ   ǯ  Ū ˤĤƤΥǡ¸ߤ롣
ϤΤ褦ǧǤ
绨ĤˤޤȤȡ
⤤ʤˤäƤϵդξ⤢褦Ǥ
ǯ㤤ۤ⤤


--- ʾǤ


ˡ­Ƥߤ

Фˤꥬʤɤµȯᥫ˥फʳŪץĹȽ񤤤Ƥߤޤ
ˤäơΨŪDNA»ΨŪDNAν˼ԤΨŪ˥ʤɤµˤʤΤʤ顢ˤﳲϤͤΤʤˤˤʤޤ
Ƿ׻Ǥޤη׻ɥñǤ


ֳĴǤϴϤʤȼĥƤȤ¸ߤޤ
ϡ֡٥ȰʲǤϡﳲǧʤפʤɤɽȤȻפޤ
ΰ̣ϡ֡٥ȰʲǤϡŪͭդʡʰ̣Τ˺ϤʤפȤƤǤ

ñʤΨŪݤˡ׳ؤѤ뤳ȼΤˡ꤬ޤ
Τ褦ʴְä׳ؤλѤˤϡޤ
¸ߤʤ֤͡פȯƤޤޤ
⡢ͭտ򲿡˷뤫ˤäơ֤͡פϡñ˾岼ޤ

ʻϡ׳ؤδܤȻפ衣錄ؤΰ̶ܥ٥μʤǤ餡


ͭ - Wikipedia
ͭտ(significance level) (0<<1) ϡɤ٤ΤäƵ̵H0Ѥ뤫ɽǤ롣ͭտβ⸡ϡp < λH0Ѥ롣ΤȤ̤ϦͭդǤפȤH0ˡѤƤޤΨθˤϦ

ͤȤƤϡ0.05 (= 5%) ѤΤŪǤ뤬ΤȤϳ䡦ĴоݤˤäƤ㤤ꡢҲʳؤʤɤǤ0.110%ˤѤ⤢ꡢ̩뼫ʳؤǤ0.011%ˤʤɤѤ⤢롣ޤǡɽäƤͭʳĤʣͭտƱѤ뤳Ȥ⤢ꡢȤ0.05ͭդʤ * 0.010.001ФƤϤ줾 ** *** ɽ롣

ͭդǤ뤫ȤäơֶǤϤʤפǤ櫓ǤϤʤֶȤϹͤˤפȤ̣˲᤮ʤ äơȤͭտ5%ͭդȤˤϡּºݤˤ϶˲᤮ʤΤˡäơذ̣٤ȽǤƤײǽ¿5%롣դˡͭդǤʤȤˤϡޤǡֶ⤷ʤפȤ̣ǤäơֶǤפȤޤǤǤʤ
åƤ͡󥯥åפ



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